Another Increase in the Czech Minimum Wage; Labor Minister Maláčová is Preparing Legislation that Guarantees an Automatic Increase every January
The Czech government has approved a rise in the minimum wage of CZK 1,150 from January 2019. Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Jana Maláčová is also proposing new legislation that should guarantee an automatic increase every January based on developments in the gross average wage. Photo credit: Pexels.
Prepared by Eda Yildiz
The minimum wage is a controversial economic and political issue in many countries, widely discussed by all affected parties, including companies, employers, employees, and students. According to Investopedia.com, the minimum wage is the lowest amount of compensation employees can legally receive as an hourly rate, and varies by country and type of employment.
The Minimum Wage in the Czech Republic
The Czech government approved Maláčová’s proposal on Tuesday morning. According to the Minister, at least 4% of the workforce in the Czech Republic, around 150,000 people, receive the minimum wage. “The increase in the minimum wage does not only concern 150,000 people, but all workers, because it puts pressure on wage growth,” said Maláčova on Twitter, drawing attention to the continuously rising minimum wage in recent years.
Malačová is also planning new legislation to ensure that the minimum wage will rise automatically every year. She is proposing an amendment to the Labor Code such that the minimum wage each January should correspond to half the average gross wage from two years before that, according to the Czech daily iDnes.cz (“Minimální mzda bude opět vyšší, od ledna vzroste na 13,350 korun”, Nov. 20).
Vláda právě schválila navýšení minimální mzdy od 1. ledna 2019 o 1150 korun, tedy na 13 350 korun. Jedná se o druhé největší nominální navýšení od roku 1991. Zvýšení minimální mzdy se netýká jen 150 000 lidí, ale všech pracujících, neboť vytváří tlak na růst mezd. pic.twitter.com/k4Bek3tRDK
— Jana Maláčová (@JMalacova) November 20, 2018
With a current minimum wage of CZK 12,200 (CZK 11,000 in the previous year), the Czech Republic is among the EU countries with the lowest minimum monthly wage, ahead of only Lithuania, Romania and Bulgaria (2017-2018).
Gross average monthly salaries in the Czech Republic have reached an all-time high of CZK 31,851 in the second quarter of 2018. Increases in the minimum wage and the dynamic average monthly wage are interrelated, and result from a strong economy and a shortage of labor.
Pros and Cons of Increasing Minimum Wage
A potential benefit of increasing the minimum wage is that it boosts the salaries of low-income workers who earn an hourly wage at the minimum. In this way, it helps workers to clothe, house and feed themselves and their families.
Moreover, the increase could also improve the productivity of the workforce. When employees are better paid, their performance increases and they become more motivated to improve their skills, work harder, and stay with employers for longer. A higher share of employed people reduces the burden on the state of social benefits paid to the unemployed.
By raising the minimum wage, workers who were previously struggling to make ends meet are able to spend more money on goods and services that they previously could not afford, and the resulting increase in overall spending further boosts the economy.
One possible disadvantage of the increasing minimum wage is a potential detrimental effect on employment levels, especially among the most vulnerable groups of workers – students, mothers, and generally low-skilled workers. Today, the Czech economy is growing, but if the economic cycle moves into stagnation and decline, limits set during the current period of economic boom may hinder the flexibility of the job market.
The increased minimum wage also automatically and proportionally raises the amounts employers have to contribute to the state to pay for social contributions and health insurance. Under such circumstances, companies might decide to hire fewer employees, lay off some workers, or convert full-time contracts to less advantageous part-time contracts. Another potential drawback of the increasing minimum wage is that it may lead to an increase in the number of people working in the black market, as companies might try to avoid paying the legal minimum.
In the long run, an increasing minimum wage might also affect companies’ profits; if a business has to spend more on labor costs, its profits will fall, which may cause higher costs by increasing prices, and therefore increasing inflation.